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Table 1 State of the existing academic literature on topical application of chlorhexidine on the umbilical cord stump

From: Efficacy of umbilical cord cleansing with a single application of 4% chlorhexidine for the prevention of newborn infections in Uganda: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

   Risk of omphalitis/1000   Neonatal mortality/1000  
Author, Year Country Intervention Control Adjusted RR Intervention Control Adjusted RR
Mullany, 2006 [6] Nepal 30.1 62.7 0.46 (0 · 36, 0 · 59) 14.6 19.3 0 · 76 (0 · 55, 1 · 04)
Soofi, 2012 [7] Pakistan 31.7 75.9 0.58 (0 · 41, 0 · 82) 22.8 36.1 0.62 (0 · 45, 0 · 85)
Arifeen, 2012 [8] Bangladesh 14.7 26 0.55 (0 · 31, 0 · 95) 26.6 28.3 0.94 (0 · 78, 1 · 14)
Sazawal, 2016 [10] Tanzania 78.4 115.5 0.65 (0 · 61, 0 · 70) 10.5 11.7 0.90 (0 · 74, 1 · 09)
Semrau, 2016 [9] Zambia 4.43 6.1 0.73 (0 · 47, 1 · 13) 15.2 13.6 1.12 (0 · 88, 1 · 44)
  1. RR risk ratio