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Table 1 Characteristics of participants

From: The addition of a goal-based motivational interview to treatment as usual to enhance engagement and reduce dropouts in a personality disorder treatment service: results of a feasibility study for a randomized controlled trial

  Variable Group
   PCI (N = 38) TAU (N = 38)
Sex Male 11 (28.94%) 16 (42.10%)
  Female 27 (71.05% 22 (57.89%)
Mean age (SD) 34.53 (9.71) 35.79 (10.52)
Ethnicity White 34 (89.47%) 34 (89.47%)
  Other 2 (5.26%) 1 (2.63%)
  Not recorded 2 (5.26%) 3 (7.89%)
Employment Employed 5 (13.16%) 4 (10.53%)
  Unemployed 22 (57.89%) 27 (71.05%)
  Retired 1 (2.63%) 1 (2.63%)
  Not recorded 10 (26.32%) 6 (15.79%)
Diagnosis* Paranoid 19 (50.00%) 16 (42.10%)
  Schizoid 12 (31.58%) 9 (23.68%)
  Schizotypal 16 (42.10%) 9 (23.68%)
  Histrionic 7 (18.42%) 0 (0%)
  Narcissistic 4 (10.53%) 3 (7.89%)
  Borderline 20 (52.63%) 18 (42.37%)
  Antisocial 14 (36.84%) 11 (28.95%)
  Avoidant 20 (52.63%) 19 (50.00%)
  Dependent 14 (36.84%) 10 (26.31%)
  Obsessive-compulsive 14 (36.84%) 12 (31.58%)
  Negativistic 14 (36.84%) 16 (42.10%)
  Depressive 20 (52.63%) 13 (34.21%)
Referrer Crisis resolution team 2 (5.26%) 4 (10.53%)
  Community mental health team 27 (71.05%) 20 (52.63%)
  Discharge from inpatient care 0 (0%) 0 (0%)
  Assertive outreach team 0 (0%) 0 (0%)
  Psychology service 1 (2.63%) 0 (0%)
  General practitioner 3 (7.89%) 4 (10.53%)
  Not recorded 5 (13.16%) 10 (26.32%)
  1. PCI: Personal Concerns Inventory; SD: standard deviation; TAU: treatment as usual.
  2. * Note: A person may have more than one diagnosis.