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Table 1 Baseline characteristics

From: Stepped care treatment for depression and anxiety in primary care. a randomized controlled trial

  Total
n(%)
Stepped care
n(%)
Care as usual
n(%)
P
Demographics     
Participants 120 (100%) 60 (100%) 60 (100%)  
Mean age, years (SD) 50.2 (11.2%) 51.2 (9.8%) 49.2 (12.4%) 0.13
Gender (female) 78 (65.0%) 41 (68.3%) 37 (61.7%) 0.44
With a paid job 69 (57.5%) 33 (55.0%) 36 (60.0%) 0.58
Born in The Netherlands 95 (80.5%) 49 (81.7%) 46 (79.3%) 0.50
Married 40 (33.3%) 18 (30.0%) 22 (36.7%) 0.44
Clinical status     
Depression (IDS, mean (SD)) 30.7 (10.8%) 29.5 (11.3%) 31.8 (10.3%) 0.24
Anxiety (HADS, mean (SD))a 9.7 (4.0%) 9.7 (4.1%) 9.8 (4.0%) 0.91
DSM-IV diagnosis     
Anxiety     
Any anxiety disorder 110 (91.7%) 55 (91.7%) 55 (91.7%) 1.00
Only anxiety disorder 51 (42.5%) 30 (50.0%) 21 (35.0%) 0.10
Depression     
Any depressive disorder 69 (57.5%) 30 (50.0%) 39 (65.0%) 0.10
Only depressive disorder 10 (8.3%) 5 (8.3%) 5 (8.3%) 1.00
Comorbid depressive and anxiety disorder 59 (49.2%) 25 (41.7%) 34 (56.7%) 0.10
Mean age of onset DSM-IV diagnosis (SD)b 28.3 (16.0) 28.8 (15.5) 27.8 (16.5) 0.75
  1. HADS = Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, IDS = Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology, a n = 107 (one missing HADS), b n = 100 (eight patients with unofficial DSM-diagnosis)